Discussion and Analysis The text begins: From bridge to bridge thus, speaking other things Of which my Comedy cares not to sing, We came along, and held the summit, when We halted to behold another fissure Of Malebolge and other vain laments; And I beheld it marvellously dark. Canto 21 dell'Inferno. Inferno Introduction + Context. Inferno: Canto XXI | SparkNotes Conversing still from bridge to bridge we went; But what our words I in my Comedy Care not to tell. But of this secondsiege it is only a Pisan commentator that speaks. While Dante was watching the tar, Virgil warned him to look out. As in the Arsenal of the Venetians Boils in the winter the tenacious pitch 195 Canto XXI Inferno Così di ponte in ponte, altro parlando che la mia comedìa cantar non cura, 3 venimmo; e tenavamo ’l colmo, quando restammo per veder l’altra fessura This quake destroyed a bridge without which passage will be difficult. Unscrupulous use of one's position to derive profit or advantages; extortion. In the same furious and tempestuous mood In which the dogs upon the beggar leap, Who, halting suddenly, seeks alms or food, They issued forth from underneath the deep Vault of the bridge, with grapplers 'gainst him stretched; But he exclaimed: 'Aloof, and harmless keep! Conversing still from bridge to bridge we went; But what our words I in my Comedy Care not to tell. It is now, according to the text,twelve hundred and sixty-six years and a day since the crucifixion.Turning to the _Convito_, iv. Canto I The poem begins on the night of Maundy Thursday on March 24 (or April 7), AD 1300, shortly before dawn of Good Friday. Inferno: Canto 22 Summary & Analysis Next. Canto 23. Il capolavoro di Dante Alighieri IN ANIMAZIONE 3D! Thither I some of mine will straightway send To see that none peer forth to breathe the air: Go on with them; you they will not offend. 2. Yestreen, but five hours later than this time, Twelve hundred sixty-six years reached an end, Since the way lost the wholeness of its prime.  _Each bit his tongue, etc._: The demons, aware of the cheat playedby Malacoda, show their devilish humour by making game of Virgil andDante.--Benvenuto is amazed that a man so involved in his own thoughtsas Dante was, should have been such a close observer of low life as thispassage shows him. The Harvard Classics. I saw it, but distinguished nothing well Except the bubbles by the boiling raised, Now swelling up and ceasing now to swell. In order to parse the dramaâs linear unfolding, I have divided the drama into four narrative blocks or âactsâ. FOOTNOTES: Word Count: 395, New Characters They misused wards and all subject to them, and in their turnare clawed and torn by their devilish guardians.  _What will this, etc._: As if he said: What good will this delaydo him in the long-run? He said; and then to us: 'No way is found Further along this cliff, because, undone, All the sixth arch lies ruined on the ground. The Inferno Canto XXI. He brought it to the coast atJoppa, where it was received by a vessel without sail or oar, which,with its sacred freight, floated westwards and was next seen at the portof Luna. Canto XXI. While down upon it fixedly I gazed, 'Beware, beware!' So dark, in fact, that Dante takes a good long time comparing it to the color of the tar manufactured by the Venetian arsenal and used to fix their ships. Belzecue trumpets good-bye with a loud cry. Inferno, ventiquattresimo canto: commento e riassunto in prosa. In questo canto scontano la loro pena i barattieri, colpevoli di aver usato le loro cariche pubbliche per arricchirsi attraverso la compravendita di provvedimenti, permessi, privilegi. The Fifth Bowge is dark and filled with the bubbles of boiling pitch; to prevent the sinners from drawing themselves from the pitch, demons keep pushing them down, much as a cook stirs a cooking pot of stew to make sure all bits and pieces in the pot are submerged. Money or an advantage gained or yielded by unscrupulous means. The greatest barrator of all in Lucca, say the commentators, wasthis Bonturo; but there seems no proof of it, though there is of hisarrogance. commanded all the rest My Leader charged me thus: 'Thou, from thy seat Where 'mid the bridge's ribs thou crouchest low, Rejoin me now in confidence complete.' Inferno, ventunesimo canto: commento e riassunto in prosa. The dim light of the fourth pouch is virtually extinguished when Dante and Virgil reach pouch five. The journey must therefore be taken to have begun on Fridaythe 25th March, a fortnight before the Good Friday of 1300; and,counting strictly from the incarnation, on the first day of 1301--thefirst day of the new century. Dante Alighieri (1265–1321).The Divine Comedy. With all my body braced I closer stood To him, my Leader, and intently eyed The aspect of them, which was far from good. Inferno Canto XXI (the Eighth Circle, Fifth Pouch: the Barrators) Our first impression of this next pouch is that it’s really dark. There, save Bonturo, barrates every man, And No grows Yes that money may be won.' 23, we find Dante giving his reasons forbelieving that Jesus, at His death, had just completed His thirty-fourthyear. While Dante was watching the tar, Virgil warned him to look out.  Grip An Elder brought from Santa Zita's town: Stuff him below; myself once more I slip Back to the place where lack of such is none. ... 21 Mentr'io là giù fisamente mirava, lo duca mio, dicendo «Guarda, guarda!», mi trasse a sé del loco dov'io stava. He was still living in 1314. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Chapter Summary for Dante Alighieri's Inferno, canto 21 summary. Barrators: Sinners who made money in public office, Demons: Include Hacklespur, Hellkin, Harrowhound, Libbicock, Dragonel, Barbinger, Grabbersnitch, Rubicant, Farfarel, Belzecue. Turning around, he saw a black demon racing up, carrying a sinner which he cast into the pool, calling out to the other deomns, the Malebranche, that it was an elder of Saint Zita. Let these go safe, till at the bridge they be, Which doth unbroken o'er the caverns go.' Dante's Inferno. 195 Canto XXI Inferno Così di ponte in ponte, altro parlando che la mia comedìa cantar non cura, 3 venimmo; e tenavamo âl colmo, quando restammo per veder lâaltra fessura Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Inferno, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. So scullions by the cooks are set to trim The caldrons and with forks the pieces steep Down in the water, that they may not swim. And the good Master said to me: 'Now creep Behind a rocky splinter for a screen; So from their knowledge thou thyself shalt keep.  _At Caprona_: Dante was one of the mounted militia sent byFlorence in 1289 to help the Lucchese against the Pisans, and waspresent at the surrender by the Pisan garrison of the Castle of Caprona.Some make the reference to be to a siege of the same stronghold by thePisans in the following year, when the Lucchese garrison, havingsurrendered on condition of having their lives spared, were met as theyissued forth with cries of 'Hang them! The top of the ascent Holding, we halted the next pit to spy Of Malebolge, with plaints bootless all: There, darkness full of wonder met the eye.  _The Sacred Countenance_: An image in cedar wood, of Byzantineworkmanship, still preserved and venerated in the cathedral of Lucca.  _A sinner_: This is the only instance in the _Inferno_ of thearrival of a sinner at his special place of punishment. Inferno: Canto XXI From bridge to bridge thus, speaking other things Of which my Comedy cares not to sing, We came along, and held the summit, when We halted to behold another fissure Of Malebolge and other vain laments; And I beheld it marvellously dark. They wrought their evil deeds under all kinds ofveils and excuses, and are now themselves effectually buried out ofsight. So at Caprona saw I footmen fear, Spite of their treaty, when a multitude Of foes received them, crowding front and rear. Controversial Comedy was published in Inferno on page 287. Inferno [Hell] Canto XXI : ARGUMENT.—Still in the eighth circle, which bears the name of Malebolge, they look down from the bridge that passes over its fifth gulf, upon the barterers or public peculators. The poets climb to the top of the stony chasm that ends the eighth circle and they begin their approach to the ninth and final circle, which is a great, dark pit filled with ice and cold, strong winds caused by Lucifer beating his wings. ), the Queen ofthe Adriatic had her face set eastwards. 'Believe what youlike of all this,' says Benvenuto; 'it is no article of faith.' Parafrasi del Canto XXI dell’Inferno – Dante e Virgilio attraversano la quinta bolgia dove, immersi nella pece bollente, si trovano i barattieri, sotto la guardia dei diavoli Malebranche. Plot Summary. 22). So dark, in fact, that Dante takes a good long time comparing it to the color of the tar manufactured by the Venetian arsenal and used to fix their ships. Lowering their grapplers, 'mong themselves they cried: 'Shall I now tickle him upon the thigh?' I wish no company. Dante is reluctant to have these companions, but Virgil says that the grimaces the demons make are intended for the sinners and not for them.  _Formerly, etc._: On the occasion of his previous descent (_Inf._ix.  _Yestreen, etc._: This is the principal passage in the _Comedy_for fixing the date of the journey. Who are the characters in Canto 3 of Dante's Inferno?  _Unbroken_: Malacoda repeats his lie. Dante's Divine Comedy is divided into three parts: Inferno, ... Or you may simply select a Canto, and you will be brought to our main Poem Browser starting at line 1 for that Canto. Il tema dell'episodio è senza dubbio l'inganno e … If death was at 3:00 p.m., as the gospels declare, then the contact with Belzecue occurred at 10:00 a.m. Dante’s apprehension about the demons who will accompany them is foreshadowing of later occurrences as Belzecue gives them false directions in order to entrap them. The demon who in parley had drawn nigh Unto my Leader, upon this turned round; 'Scarmiglione, lay thy weapon by!' Inferno Canto 22 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. But if it please you further to pass on, Over this rocky ridge advancing climb To the next rib, where passage may be won. The default is 15 (5 terzine). He shot him down, and o'er the cliff began To run; nor unchained mastiff o'er the ground, Chasing a robber, swifter ever ran. Then passing from the bridge's crown he fared To the sixth bank, and when thereon he stood He needed courage doing what he dared. All cried: 'Let Malacoda then go near;' On which one moved, the others standing still.  _Save Bonturo_, _barrates, etc._: It is the barrators, those whotrafficked in offices and sold justice, that are punished in thisBolgia. The demons summon another of their numbers; this demon, named Belzecue, protects them and allows them to pass. Canto XXI: Summary: The next valley held a pool of boiling tar, which reminded Dante of the pitch the Venetians used to patch up their ships. And fear not thou although with outrage keen I be opposed, for I am well prepared, And formerly have in like contest been.' This is held by Dante (_Convito_ iv. Belzecue tells them that five hours from this time (minus one day) will mark the time that an earthquake occurred 1266 years ago. G. Stradano, Gli indovini (1587) Come 'l viso mi scese in lor più basso, mirabilmente apparve esser travolto ... 21 quando la nostra imagine di presso vidi sì torta, che ’l pianto de li occhi le natiche bagnava per lo fesso. With Draghignazzo, Libicocco fell, Fanged Ciriatto, Graffiacane too, Set on, mad Rubicant and Farfarel: Search on all quarters round the boiling glue. ‘The Inferno, Canto 21’ was created by Gustave Dore in Romanticism style. They wheeled and down the left hand bank began To march, but first each bit his tongue, and passed The signal on to him who led the van.  _The Venetians_: But for this picturesque description of the oldArsenal, and a passing mention of the Rialto in one passage of the_Paradiso_, and of the Venetian coinage in another, it could not begathered from the _Comedy_, with all its wealth of historical andgeographical references, that there was such a place as Venice in theItaly of Dante. See _Inf._ v.15, _note_. But, as appears further on, he is misleading them. He coming said: 'What will this help him here?' Inferno Introduction + Context. SeePhilalethes, _Gött. Canto 23. that it will appear from Canto xxi.that Dante began his journey in MCCCI.--The hour is now five hoursbefore that at which the earthquake happened which took place at thedeath of Jesus. Just as money stuck to the fingers of the barrators in life, so the boiling pitch will stick to them as punishment in Hell. Com._ In Lucca the officials that were called Priorsin Florence, were named Elders. Canto XXI. Ere I by any of your hooks be touched, Come one of you and to my words give ear; And then advise you if I should be clutched.'  _The Serchio_: The stream which flows past Lucca. Virgil suddenly pulls Dante aside and cries, “Look out!” A winged demon, carrying an alderman, is moving quickly behind Dante. Then was his haughty spirit so depressed, He let his hook drop sudden to his feet, And, 'Strike him not!' Canto XXI. Suddenly, a raging demon appears, and Virgil hides Dante behind a large rock so he can go to the demons and make a deal for their safe passage. CANTO XXI. Dante compares the pitch to the material used to caulk the seams of ships. This alderman is … Turning around, he saw a black demon racing up, carrying a sinner which he cast into the pool, calling out to the other deomns, the Malebranche, that it was an elder of Saint Zita. The pitch sticks as close to them as bribes ever did to theirfingers. If former caution thou dost not forget, Dost thou not mark how each his teeth doth grind, The while toward us their brows are full of threat?' Inferno: Canto 22 Summary & Analysis Next. 'Yea, see thou clip him deftly,' one replied. argomento del canto. I, amazed, Turned sharply round, like him who has delayed, Fain to behold the thing he ought to flee, Then, losing nerve, grows suddenly afraid, Nor lingers longer what there is to see; For a black devil I beheld advance Over the cliff behind us rapidly. Inferno - Canto XX Canto XXI, il quale tratta de le pene ne le quali sono puniti coloro che commisero baratteria, nel quale vizio abbomina li lucchesi; e qui tratta di dieci demoni, ministri a lâoffizio di questo luogo; e cogliesi qui il tempo che fue compilata per Dante questa opera. Then he a hundred hooks was made to feel. 'Alas, my Master, what is this I see?' This is the canto in which Dante and Virgil meet Statius, a Roman poet of the first century, whose liberation from the terrace of Greed has just … Virgil descends from the bridge bythe left hand to the bank on the inner side of the Fifth Bolgia. What bitterness he in his gesture put, As with spread wings he o'er the ground did dance! Summary: Canto XXI Entering the Fifth Pouch of the Eighth Circle of Hell, Dante sees “an astounding darkness.” The darkness is a great pit filled with a kind of boiling tar similar to what the Venetians used to patch their ships (XXI.6). Find more prominent pieces of illustration at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. As the Venetians in their Arsenal Boil the tenacious pitch at winter-tide, To caulk the ships with for repairs that call; For then they cannot sail; and so, instead, One builds his bark afresh, one stops with tow His vessel's ribs, by many a voyage tried; One hammers at the poop, one at the prow; Some fashion oars, and others cables twine, And others at the jib and main sails sew: So, not by fire, but by an art Divine, Pitch of thick substance boiled in that low Hell, And all the banks did as with plaster line. There is a great deal of symbolism and metaphor in Cantos XXVI and XXVII, perhaps more than anywhere else in Inferno. Inferno, ventunesimo canto: commento e riassunto in prosa. Dante does not miss an opportunity to bring attention to his belief that Boniface is evil; his name is scattered over the whole of Inferno, though he is not there presently â he was still alive in 1300. A fearsome demon swoops towards the poets and drops a government official of the city of Lucca into the â¦ Vittorio Gassman recita e commenta il canto XXI dell' Inferno Dantesco. You may also select the number of lines you wish to view at a time. Her back was turned and herears closed as in a proud indifference to the noise of party conflictswhich filled the rest of Italy. Summary. In this bolgia "a sticky tar was boiling in the ditch / that smeared the banks with viscous residue" (XXI.17-18). He from our bridge: 'Ho, Malebranche! CANTO XXI Cantos XXI and XXII are sometimes called "The Gargoyle Cantos" because of the grotesqueries we encounter. The fifth chasm is filled with boiling pitch and in it suffer the barterers and barrators who used their public offices and authority to make money.  _Darkness, etc._: The pitch with which the trench of the Bolgia isfilled absorbs most of the scanty light accorded to Malebolge. The dim light of the fourth pouch is virtually extinguished when Dante and Virgil reach pouch five. The Punishment: The grafters' souls are placed into a massive boiling pit of a murky Il Canto XXI è il primo atto di una grottesca «commedia infernale» che avrà la sua conclusione nel Canto XXII e una sorta di appendice all'inizio e alla fine del XXIII, con protagonisti i due poeti, i Malebranche, i barattieri della V Bolgia. Inferno Canto XXI (the Eighth Circle, Fifth Pouch: the Barrators) Our first impression of this next pouch is that it’s really dark. Unlike the statue of Time (_Inf._ xiv. Analisi del canto La bolgia dei barattieri - versi 1-21. Read expert analysis on Dante's Inferno Canto 21 at Owl Eyes. Inferno - Canto XX Canto XXI, il quale tratta de le pene ne le quali sono puniti coloro che commisero baratteria, nel quale vizio abbomina li lucchesi; e qui tratta di dieci demoni, ministri a l’offizio di questo luogo; e cogliesi qui il tempo che fue compilata per Dante questa opera. Read Canto XXI of The Divine Comedy by Dante. Dopo aver visto gettare nella pece un peccatore di Lucca, Virgilio tratta con Malacoda ed ottiene di poter passare alla bolgia successiva. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. The commentators give a name to thissinner, but it is only guesswork. No evidence Most probably, althoughvenerated as a saint, she was not yet canonized at the time Dante writesof, and there may be a Florentine sneer hidden in the description ofLucca as her town. Upon his shoulders, prominent and acute, Was perched a sinner fast by either hip; And him he held by tendon of the foot. You, Alichin and Calcabrin, prepare To move,' he bade; 'Cagnazzo, thou as well; Guiding the ten, thou, Barbariccia, fare. Dante's Inferno.  _Santa Zita's town_: Zita was a holy serving-woman of Lucca, whodied some time between 1270 and 1280, and whose miracle-working body isstill preserved in the church of San Frediano. Inferno Canto XXI p193-198_inferno-integr_p193-198_inferno-integr 20/10/11 10.34 Pagina 194. It embraces roughly two and one-third canti: canto 21, canto 22, and the first 57 verses of canto 23. Inferno Canto 21 - Figure retoriche Qui di seguito trovate tutte le figure retoriche del ventunesimo canto dell'Inferno . my Leader to me said, And drew me thence close to him.  _Malebranche_: Evil Claws, the name of the devils who have thesinners of this Bolgia in charge. I due pellegrini giungono sul ponte che scavalca la quinta bolgia, straordinariamente buia a causa della pece bollente che ne occupa … Inferno Canto 22 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. According to the legend, it was carved from memory by Nicodemus, andafter being a long time lost was found again in the eighth century by anItalian bishop travelling in Palestine. Inferno 22.31 – Inferno 22.151: the secondary story-arc is confined to canto 22 and is the story of what happens between a particular sinner and the devils who capture him; this story-arc begins in Inferno 22.31 and concludes at the end of the canto 22. He answered grossly as with trumpet blast. Canto XXI. argomento del canto. This brings us to the date of 1300 A.D. Ah me, how fierce was he of countenance! Inferno: Canto XXI From bridge to bridge thus, speaking other things Of which my Comedy cares not to sing, We came along, and held the summit, when We halted to behold another fissure Of Malebolge and other vain laments; And I beheld it marvellously dark. All efforts to approach the bark were vain, till the Bishop ofLucca descended to the seashore, and to him the vessel resigned itselfand suffered him to take the image into his keeping. Log in here. Inferno Introduction + Context. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Inferno! If the total Commedia is to be thought of as a cathedral, here are the gargoyles. Hang them!' As in the Arsenal of the Venetians Boils in the winter the tenacious pitch He is sure that he laughed to himself as he wrote theCanto. The book refers to him as "one of Santa Zita's Elders" because Santa Zita is the patron saint of Lucca. Summary. Inferno Canto XXI p193-198_inferno-integr_p193-198_inferno-integr 20/10/11 10.34 Pagina 194. Who are the souls tortured in Canto III of Dante's Inferno? Whereon I to rejoin him was not slow; And then the devils, crowding, came so near, I feared they to their paction false might show. The Inferno Canto XXI. This alderman is a barrator, who made money from hidden deals and from grabbing money in secret. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Inferno, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.  _Alichino, etc._: The names of the devils are all descriptive:Alichino, for instance, is the Swooper; but in this and the next Cantowe have enough of the horrid crew without considering too closely howthey are called. A fearsome demon swoops towards the poets and drops a government official of the city of Lucca into the pitch, returning to … The punishment of the barrators bears arelation to their sins. --Thesinner has come to the surface, bent as if in an attitude of prayer,when he is met by this taunt. ". Circle 8: Bolgia 5 Grafters: 1. 23), who professesto follow the account by Saint Luke, to have been at the sixth hour,that is, at noon; thus the time is now seven in the morning. Virgil suddenly pulls Dante aside and cries, “Look out!” A winged demon, carrying an alderman, is moving quickly behind Dante. Il capolavoro di Dante Alighieri IN ANIMAZIONE 3D! As the two travelers leave, they see the demons stick out their tongues at Belzecue, who plays a bugle as they leave. Who, What, Where? Canto XXI: Summary: The next valley held a pool of boiling tar, which reminded Dante of the pitch the Venetians used to patch up their ships. Summary We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our Start-of-Year sale—Join Now! The sinners in this trench are punished by darkness, pitch, and demons with forks. Summary In Canto XXI, Dante and Virgil make their way to the fifth chasm, which is very dark and filled with boiling pitch. And he: 'I would not fear should fill thy mind; Let them grin all they will, and all they can; 'Tis at the wretches in the pitch confined.' But according to Churchtradition the crucifixion happened on the 25th March, and to getthirty-four years His life must be counted from the incarnation, whichwas held to have taken place on the same date, namely the 25th March.  _A hundred hooks_: So many devils with their pronged hooks werewaiting to receive the victim. Itwill be remembered that from the precipice enclosing the Malebolge thererun more than one series of bridges or ribs into the central well ofInferno. ... 21 Mentr'io là giù fisamente mirava, lo duca mio, dicendo «Guarda, guarda!», mi trasse a sé del loco dov'io stava. Il capolavoro di Dante Alighieri IN ANIMAZIONE 3D! So we find Boccaccio in his unfinishedcommentary saying in _Inf._ iii. Already a member? Analyze the purpose of Dante's "Inferno. Last Updated on June 1, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. 'O Malacoda, is it credible That I am come,' my Master then replied, 'Secure your opposition to repel, Without Heaven's will, and fate, upon my side? Continuando a parlare di cose che la «Comedía» non riporta, Dante e Virgilio arrivano sul culmine («il colmo») del ponte che dà sulla quinta bolgia, e guardando giù Dante la vede «mirabilmente oscura» a causa di una pece nera che vi bolle gonfiandosi spesso in superficie. Virgil instructs Dante to hide and wait; Virgil confronts the demons directly and explains that he and Dante must pass.  _From bridge to bridge_: They cross the barrier separating theFourth from the Fifth Bolgia, and follow the bridge which spans theFifth until they have reached the crown of it. When the journey recommences, the demons bid each other good-bye by sticking out their tongues.
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